All things have a mutual dependence, be it between men, events, instruments, articles…etc. Although there is this enjoining, there is also the irregularities and inconstancy attached to all agents and objects, which is the secret operation of contrary causes. It infers an uncertainty, a variation that includes mutuality while exposing it to contingencies which may or may not come about. Beings act on whim and are subject to the consequences of their actions. The causes that guide them don’t always rely on the situation, nor are they always predictable. One person may react separately from another, being faced with similar objects and circumstances, while showing dependence upon a specific idea or belief. Another, whose experiences have guided him on a different course of ideals, could decide on a totally opposite action. Both relying on nearly similar causes, but ultimately guiding the effects toward unrelated outcomes and, in essence, contradicting the relation between the causes therefore leading to variation, change, distinction and diversity.
Nature operates on differences and contingency. However its cause is not known, as in the cause of gravity or force is unknown. We understand how gravity works, its steadiness and unquestionable existence. But the cause of the cause of gravity is beyond comprehension. So it is with the operation of contrary causes. They nullify each other and through this create the effects which are the differences we experience. Therefore, a contrariety exists so that all things follow a sequence that is within reason and understood by consciousness. Since a necessary causation falls within perception, it acts to “fulfill” a succeeding event; it binds together a reality perceived as freedom but is, in fact, the process in which all matters remain constant. Freedom is the product of necessity, and not the other way around. Since nothing can exist without a cause of its existence, absolute freedom follows what is necessary in its existence and what necessitates its continuance.
The decisions of the will, through its assumption of freedom, is bound to all things which define its being. It is therefore “necessary” that we act in the present, and not the past or future, since the immediacy of events governs our existence. The image of freedom is a false image, since even a spectator can perceive our actions based on character, motives, situations, etc. The cause determines the effect of the actions that rise from our acceptance of a world around us and, moreover, from our hidden principles, defined through a moral structure which is universal and establishes the imaginary freedoms which guide our motivations.
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